Design concepts in architecture and interior design

When it comes to architecture and interior designs, it is never the same for two houses. Each has characters that are not seen on the other. This is basically because of the different themes that people usually prefer to follow. Or in other words, design styles.

When it comes to architecture and interior designs, it is never the same for two houses. Each has characters that are not seen on the other. This is basically because of the different themes that people usually prefer to follow. Or in other words, design styles. Each style has a unique set of characters which stands out in the face of the other. Depending in your lifestyle, how you prefer to have your surroundings arranged, you can go with your best picks. Following is a simple guide to understand the popular design concepts in architecture around the world. Who knows! Maybe when you build your dream house, these points might come in handy.


‘ Less is more’ is the bottom line for this design. Minimalism is all about keeping it simple and classic. The elements in the space should be functional rather than decorative. Therefore, this theme avoids non-essential elements most of the time which in turn does not stimulate the user’s eye. Design tends to use the maximum use of views and natural lighting around a space by placing large window openings. Dull colour palettes such as white and grey are used often. Chairs, tables, sofas are simple on form and texture. They all work together to form a restful functional, uncluttered space for the user.  Setting up this design theme is difficult as it requires the ability to set up a simple space with minimum elements without making the space dead and cold. this is one of the popular design concepts in architecture.

Minimalist design
Minimalist Source –


Rustic is mostly about emphasizing natural appearances. This design style consists the idea of being aged and organic. Rustic materials are made of wood, stone or from materials that are obtained from the earth. The design has a relaxed and calming vibe with an earthy feel. When it comes to colors, neutral colors such as browns, greys and whites are combined. Bold and bright colors are not used. Elements within a space such as chairs or tables are usually described to be heavy with large legs and the rugs can be handmade with pieces of jute, burlap, and canvas. The bedding can be linen or cotton within monotonous color range. All these are left unfinished or as it is rather than polishing them or reclaiming them to a better state.

Rustic house design
Rustic Source –


Contemporary style is more about evolving with time. This design reflects what the present style is about. There are some characters that are unique to this style though. Neat lines, organic forms added with few minimalist characters such as neutral color palettes are some of them. Cool tiles, metallic elements, natural textures of wood  along with chrome finishes helps to generate a modern look over the houses. The Asymmetrical style will focus on outer or inner focal points beyond windows or doors.

Contemporary design concepts in architecture
Contemporary Source-

Related: Should I really hire an architect to build my dream home?


The style is believed to have evolved from the gypsy population culture. These cultures had their own ways and styles which they adopted over time. The style is said to be free spirited. It is bright and colorful mixed with patterns depicting the beautiful vagabond lifestyle elements. The designs are a convergence of cultures. The compatibility of elements is not measured here. You can display any element you want fabrics, books, mirrors, vintage pieces, or paintings and even wood furnishings. These elements are visually interesting and creates an ideal image of beauty and artistry rather than spending money on expensive elements. This style does not contain structure and order.

Bohemian concept house
Bohemian Source-

Mid-century modern

The mid-century modern style started around 1940s. The experimental architectural techniques came in to play after the second world war. This style is based on neat lines and forms along with a higher level of functionality. The homes built with this style had massive windows which created multiple view points, indoor open spaces, and flat roofs. Split level spaces were created along with partial walls within a house. The designs were Asymmetric.  The concept of the style encourages people to be healthier and more stimulated as the design always integrated with the outer environment.

house build with Mid-century modern concept
Mid century modern Source-


This comes from the times of 1500s where renaissance architecture came in to play. Tudor homes are made of bricks, masonry works and timbers. These are usually multi storied buildings with distinct facades. They have rows of windows and high-pitched roofs. Attics are found in some houses. Exposed beams is another feature. Sofas , walls and floors tend to be patterned and textured. Not plain. Tudor houses are not very much popular in many parts of the world other than the western countries.  This cozy style are very flexible. Color schemes usually rage from bright to colorful.

home interior shown Tudor concept
Tudor Source -


This word creates the idea of dark and black surroundings in anyone. But it is more than that. Gothic style tends to be dramatic. This is a mere combination of medieval and vintage gothic style interior design architecture and interior design. This runs back to the 1700s where many churches and castles were decorated upon this. Arched window and door frames are one special element. Windows with stained glasses spreading across a large surface area on walls, vaulted ceilings were some other features observed. The height was always more than the width and it is said to aspire the heaven. This mathematical and geometrical concept is said to be more symbolic rather than just being decorative.

Gothic Design concepts in architecture
Gothic Source-

Related: 3D Visualization for Architects, Interior designers & Property developers


Mediterranean was inspired by Italian, Greek and Spanish architectural styles. Casual lifestyle pleasing arrangements can be seen in it. Curved windows, columns and arches, tiled roofs, key stones and hardwood furniture are some key features of the Mediterranean space. The white color is prominent in these spaces. This is said to be inspired by the sunlight and mild temperatures of the Mediterranean areas. Terra Cota tiles, wallpapered walls can be seen in interiors. Water is another important feature. Fountains , indoor water elements are also found in these spaces.

House build with Mediterranean Design concepts in architecture
Mediterranean Source -

Neo classical

This concept runs back to  1800s. It was about being simple yet massive in form. The buildings are mostly symmetrical. Roofs are flat and the structures were supported by large columns. Geometric patterns are observed within spaces. Even the gardens tend to have more formal arrangement. This was more adopted in important buildings more than house designs. Classical outlook for this concept was inspired by Greek and roman designs. When it comes to using this design, architects and designers tend to add a touch of different ideas such as LED lightings to bring up the modern touch.

Neo classical concept shown in the building
Neo classical Source


Transitional is about not being limited to one style. This is considered as a mixture of modern and traditional architectural features. Elegant design includes et again neutral colors and clean line forms. The style is always integrated with the outsides through courtyards, balconies etc. Since the colors are plain, the fabrics, furniture and other hardscape elements are placed within the space to add more warmth and living ambience to the space. Transitional homes provides way from a familiar environment to a unknown territory or vice versa.

Transitional type Design concepts in architecture

Finally, we can see there are different characteristics for each architectural style and they have their own impression and history behind. And also the style of a house tends to make a big impact on the mindset of people who live there.

Thank you for reading the article and don’t forget to mention your favourite concept at the comment box down below 🙂

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P. Ramawickrama
Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Moratuwa
Articles: 13

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